Pale white gold in color, Mâcon-Burgy whites offer a nose that is more floral than fruity, and very sophisticated with notes of white blossom like hawthorn and honeysuckle, along with touches of fresh vegetation. There are notes of citrus, lemon zest in particular, depending on the vintage. The unique situation of the vines of Burgy influences the style of these white wines, that offer significant acidity on the attack. The wines are broad, fresh and fruity.
The reds are a lovely sustained, deep garnet color with aromas of freshly pressed marc, redcurrant juice, and cherry, offering a distinct bite. In the mouth, they are structured, and the tannins that are present in the wine when young foretell a promising future. Over time, the aromatic range evolves to reveal sloes and tobacco leaves.
An additional geographical denomination that is part of the Régionale Mâcon appellation in the Mâconnais.
According to the 2005 specifications rules, the name Mâcon-Burgy refers to white, red, and rosé wines grown within a defined area in the village of Burgy.
On the western flank of the hillside at Viré-Clessé, the Mâcon-Burgy AOC is uniquely located in the central part of the Mâconnais. Mainly facing north, this winegrowing region is like a unique observation point looking down over the vines of Mâcon-Lugny and the Saône Valley.
The panoramic mountain of Burgy, crowned by its cemetery and Romanesque church dedicated to St. John the Baptist (11th and 12th centuries), is like a gateway to the southern Mâconnais and the Bresse plain. The Jura can be seen on the horizon. On clear days, one can even make out the Alps, whose formation began some 34 million years ago during the Tertiary period. This provoked the fracturing of the marine sediments deposited during the Secondary era, between 200 and 66 million years ago, which led to the formation of the Mâconnais hills, now covered with vines, and the collapse of the Bressan trench, used for large-scale farming.
Half-way up the slope, the village of Burgy has a single, narrow street of houses with balconies, preserving the usable farming land in this confined terroir. In 1856, the winegrowers had already reached the limit of land under vine with 87 hectares, as much as the current area included in the AOC.
From the depression of the Bourbonne river some 220 meters above sea level to La Petite Montagne at 370 meters above sea level, the vines here are caressed by the “bise”, as the north wind is known in Bourgogne, offering natural ventilation that is very efficient in preventing mildew in a rainy spring. This unusual and rather chilly location also counters the summer heat of the Saône Valley, encouraging later ripening of the grapes, which is increasingly valuable in the context of global warming.
Sheltered to the west by the woods of Sablières, and reaching an altitude of 420 meters above sea level at Le Mont de la Péralle, a few plots can be found either side of the village on Trias sandstone marls and Lias substrate laid down between 175 and 220 million years ago, dark gray in color, low in limestone, rich in iron and fairly heavy with clay. On the slope, facing north-northwest and looking down over the valley of the Bourbonne and also around the church where the vines face the rising sun, the soil and subsoil are made up of limestone from the Middle and Upper Jurassic, from 140 to 176 million years ago.